Belfast is situated 2025m above sea level and it is one of the coldest and highest towns in South Africa. Belfast is known for its excellent trout fishing conditions. Farmers farm: Cattle, dairy, sheep, maize, potatoes and timber. The town exports about 6 millions tulip buds annually. It also has the oldest Bluegum plantation in South Africa.
The town was named after Richard Charles O’Neill, who owned the farm that Belfast was built on, O’Neil was originally from Belfast in Northern Ireland. In October 2009, Belfast was renamed to eMakhazeni.